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2013年12月大学英语六级考试真题(第1套) Part IWriting(30 minutes) (请于正式开考后半小时内完成该部分,之后将进行听力考试) Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on happiness by referring to the saying“Happiness is not the absence of problems, but the ability to deal with them.”You can cite examples to illustrate your point and then explain how you can develop your ability to deal with problems and be happy. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words. Part IIListening Comprehension(30 minutes) Section A Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At theend of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1 上作答。 1. A) The rock band needs more hours of practice. B) The rock band is going to play here for a month. C) Their hard work has resulted in a big success. D) He appreciates the woman’s help with the band. 2. A) Go on a diving tour in Europe.C) Travel overseas on his own. B) Add 300 dollars to his budget.D) Join a package tour to Mexico.3. A) In case some problem should occur.C) To avoid more work later on.B) Something unexpected has happened.D) To make better preparations. 4. A) The woman asked for a free pass to try out the facilities. B) The man is going to renew his membership in a fitness center. C) The woman can give the man a discount if he joins the club now. D) The man can try out the facilities before he becomes a member. 5. A) He is not afraid of challenge.B) He is not fit to study science. C) He is worried about the test. D) He is going to drop the physics course 6. A) Pay for part of the picnic food.C) Buy something special for Gary. B) Invite Gary’s family to dinner.D) Take some food to the picnic. 7. A) Bus drivers’ working conditions.C)Public transportation. B) A labor dispute at a bus company.D) A corporate takeover. 8. A) The bank statement.C) The payment for an order. B) Their sales overseas.D) The check just deposited.Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 9. A) A hotel receptionist.C) A shop assistant. B) A private secretary.D) A sales manager. 10. A) Voice.C) Appearance. B) Intelligence.D) Manners. 11. A) Arrange one more interview.C) Report the matter to their boss. B) Offer the job to David Wallace.D) Hire Barbara Jones on a trial basis.Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 12. A) He invented the refrigerator.C) He got a degree in Mathematics. B) He patented his first invention.D) He was admitted to university. 13. A) He distinguished himself in low temperature physics. B) He fell in love with Natasha Willoughby. C) He became a professor of Mathematics. D) He started to work on refrigeration. 14. A) Finding the true nature of subatomic particles. B) Their work on very high frequency radio waves. C) Laying the foundations of modem mathematics. D) Their discovery of the laws of cause and effect. 15. A) To teach at a university.C) To spend his remaining years. B) To patent his inventions.D) To have a three-week holiday.Section B Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will he spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。Passage One Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard. 16. A) They have fallen prey to wolves. B) They have become a tourist attraction. C) They have caused lots of damage to crops. D) They have become a headache to the community. 17. A) To celebrate their victory.C) To scare the wolves. B) To cheer up the hunters.D) To alert the deer. 18. A) They would help to spread a fatal disease. B) They would pose a threat to the children. C) They would endanger domestic animals. D) They would eventually kill off the deer.Passage Two Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard. 19. A) She is an interpreter.C) She is a domestic servant. B) She is a tourist guide.D) She is from the royal family. 20. A) It was used by the family to hold dinner parties. B) It is situated at the foot of a beautiful mountain. C) It was frequently visited by heads of state. D) It is furnished like one in a royal palace. 21. A) It is elaborately decorated. B) It has survived some 2,000 years. C) It is very big, with only six slim legs. D) It is shaped like an ancient Spanish boat. 22. A) They are uncomfortable to sit in for long. B) They do not match the oval table at all. C) They have lost some of their legs. D) They are interesting to look at.Passage Three Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. 23. A) It in an uncommon infectious disease. B) It destroys the patient’s ability to think. C) It is a disease very difficult to diagnose. D) It is the biggest crippler of young adults. 24. A) Search for the best cure.C) Write a book about her life. B) Hurry up and live life.D) Exercise more and work harder. 25. A) Aggressive.C) Sophisticated. B) Adventurous.D) Self-centered.Section C Directions:In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read fort the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words youhave just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you shouldcheck what you have written. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。 It’s difficult to estimate the number of youngsters involved in home schooling, where childrenare not sent to school and receive their formal education from one or both parents. (26)_______ and court decisions have made it legally possible in most states for parents to educate their children at home, and each year more people take advantage of that opportunity. Some states require parents or a home tutor to meet teacher certification standards, and many require parents to completelegal forms to verify that their children are receiving (27) _______ in state-approved curricula. Supports of home education claim that it’s less expensive and far more (28)_______ thanmass public education. Moreover, they cite several advantages: alleviation of school overcrowding, strengthened family relationships, lower (29) _______ rates, the fact that students are allowed to learn at their own rate, increased (30) _______, higher standardized test scores, and reduced (31) _______ problems. Critics of the home schooling movement (32) _______ that it creates as many problems as it solves. They acknowledge that, in a few cases, home schooling offers educational opportunities superior to those found in most public schools, but few parents can provide such educational advantages. Some parents who withdraw their children from the schools (33) _______ homeschooling have an inadequate educational background and insufficient formal training to provide a satisfactory education for their children. Typically, parents have fewertechnological resources (34) _______ than do schools. However, the relatively inexpensivecomputer technology that is readily available today is causing some to challenge the notion that home schooling is in any way (35) _______ more highly structured classroom education. Part IIIReading Comprehension (40 minutes) Section A Directions:In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage. Some performance evaluations require supervisors to take action. Employees who receive a very favorable evaluation may deserve some type of recognition or even a promotion. If supervisors do not acknowledge such outstanding performance, employees may either lose their36 and reduce their effort or search for a new job at a firm that will37 them for high performance. Supervisors should acknowledge high performance so that the employee will continue to perform well in the future. Employees who receive unfavorable evaluations must also be given attention. Supervisors must 38 the reasons for poor performance. Some reasons, such as a family illness, may have a temporary adverse 39 on performance and can be corrected. Other reasons, such as a bad attitude, may not be temporary. When supervisors give employees an unfavorable evaluation, they must decide whether to take any 40 actions. If the employees were unaware of their own deficiencies, the unfavorable evaluation can pinpoint(指出) the deficiencies that employees must correct. In this case, the supervisor may simply need to monitor the employees 41 and ensure that the deficiencies are corrected. If the employees were already aware of their deficiencies before the evaluation period, however, they may be unable or unwilling to correct them. This situation is more serious, and the supervisor may need to take action. The action should be 42 with the firm’s guidelines and may include reassigning the employees to new jobs, 43 them temporarily, or firing them. A supervisor’s action toward a poorly performing worker can 44 the attitudes of other employees. If no 45 isimposed on an employee for poor performance, other employees may react by reducing their productivity as well. 注意:此部分题请在答题卡2上作答。A) additional B) affect C) aptly D) assimilate H) circulation F) closely G) consistent H) enthusiasmI) identify J) impact K) penalty L) reward M) simplifying N) suspending O) vulnerableSection B Directions:In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2. The College Essay: Why Those 500 Words Drive Us Crazy A) Meg is a lawyer-mom in suburban Washington, D.C., where lawyer-moms are thick on the ground. Her son Doug is one of several hundred thousand high-school seniors who had a painful fall. The deadline for applying to his favorite college was Nov. 1,and by early October he had yet to fill out the application. More to the point, he had yet to settle on a subject for the personal essay accompanying the application. According to college folklore, a well-turned essay has the power to seduce (诱惑) an admissions committee. “He wanted to do one thing at a time,” Meg says, explaining her son’s delay. “But really, my son is a huge procrastinator (拖延者). The essay is the hardest thing to do, so he’s put it off the longest.” Friends and other veterans of the process have warned Meg that the back and forth between editing parent and writing student can be traumatic (痛苦的). B) Back in the good old days—say, two years ago, when the last of my children suffered the ordeal (折磨)—a high-school student applying to college could procrastinate all the way to New Year’s Day of their senior year, assuming they could withstand the parental pestering (烦扰).But things change fast in the nail-biting world of college admissions.The recent trend toward early decision and early action among selective colleges and universities has pushed the traditional deadline of January up to Nov. 1 or early December for many students. C) If the time for heel-dragging has been shortened, the true source of the anxiety and panic remains what it has always been. And it’s not the application itself. A college application is a relatively straightforward questionnaire asking for the basics: name, address, family history employment history. It would all be innocent enough—20 minutes of busy work—except it comes attached to a personal essay. D) “There are good reasons it causes such anxiety,” says Lisa Sohmer, director of college counseling at the Garden School in Jackson Heights, N.Y. “It’s not just the actual writing. By noweverything else is already set. Your course load is set, your grades are set, your test scores are set. But the essay is something you can still control, and it’s open-ended. So the temptation is to write and rewrite and rewrite.” Or stall and stall and stall. E) The application essay, along with its mythical importance, is a recent invention. In the 1930s,when only one in 10 Americans had a degree from a four-year college, an admissionscommittee was content to ask for a sample of applicants’ school papers to assess their writing ability. By the 1950s, most schools required a brief personal statement of why the student had chosen to apply to one school over another. F) Today nearly 70 percent of graduating seniors go off to college, including two-year and four-year institutions. Even apart from the increased competition, the kids enter a process that has been utterly transformed from the one baby boomers knew. Nearly all application materials are submitted online, and the Common Application provides a one-size-fits form accepted by more than 400 schools, including the nation’s most selective. G) Those schools usually require essays of their own, but the longest essay, 500 words maximum, is generally attached to the Common Application. Students choose one of six questions. Applicants are asked to describe an ethical dilemma they’ve faced and its impact on them, or discuss a public issue of special concern to them, or tell of a fictional character or creative work that has profoundly influenced them. Another question invites them to write about the importance (to them, again) of diversity―a word that has assumed magic power in American higher education. The most popular option: write on a topic of your choice. H) “Boys in particular look at the other questions and say, ‘Oh, that’s too much work,’” says John Boshoven, a counselor in the Ann Arbor, Mich., public schools. “They think if they do a topic of their choice, “I’ll just go get that history paper I did last year on the Roman Empire and turn it into a first-person application essay!’ And they end up producing something utterly ridiculous.” I) Talking to admissions professionals like Boshoven, you realize that the list of “don’ts” in essay writing is much longer than the “dos.”“No book reports, no history papers, no character studies,”says Sohmer. J) “It drives you crazy, how easily kids slip into clichés(老生常谈),”says Boshoven. “They don’t realize how typical their experiences arc. ‘I scored the winning goal in soccer against our arch-rival.’‘My grandfather served in World War II, and I hope to be just like him someday.’ That may mean a lot to that particular kid. But in the world of the application essay, it’s nothing. You’ll lose the reader in the first paragraph.” K) “The greatest strength you bring to this essay,” says the College Board’s how-to book, “is 17 years or so of familiarity with the topic: YOU. The form and style are very familiar, and best of all, you are the world-class expert on the subject of YOU ... It has been the subject of your close scrutiny every morning since you were tall enough to see into the bathroom mirror.” Thekey word in the Common Application prompts is “you.” L) The college admission essay contains the grandest American themes―status anxiety, parental piety (孝顺), intellectual standards—and so it is only a matter of time before it becomes infected by the country’s culture of excessive concern with self-esteem. Even if the question isostensibly (表面上) about something outside the self (describe a fictional character or solve a problem of geopolitics), the essay invariably returns to the favorite topic: what is its impact on YOU? M)“For all the anxiety the essay causes,” says Bill McClintick of Mercersburg Academy in Pennsylvania, “it’s a very small piece of the puzzle. I was in college admissions for 10 years. I saw kids and parents beat themselves up over this. And at the vast majority of places, it is simply not a big variable in the college’s decision-making process.” N) Many admissions officers say they spend less than a couple of minutes on each application, including the essay. According to a recent survey of admissions officers, only one in four private colleges say the essay is of “considerable importance” in judging an application. Among public colleges and universities, the number drops to roughly one in 10. By contrast, 86 percent place “considerable importance” on an applicant’s grades, 70 percent on “strength of curriculum.” O) Still, at the most selective schools, where thousands of candidates may submit identically high grades and test scores, a marginal item like the essay may serve as a tie-breaker between two equally qualified candidates. The thought is certainly enough to keep the pot boiling under parents like Meg, the lawyer-mom, as she tries to help her son choose an essay topic. For a moment the other day, she thought she might have hit on a good one. “His father’s from France,” she says. “I said maybe you could write about that, as something that makes you different. You know: half French, half American. I said, ‘You could write about your identity issues.’ He said, ‘I don’t have any identity issues!’ And he’s right. He’s a well-adjusted, normal kid. But that doesn’t make for a good essay, does it?” 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。46. Today many universities require their applicants to write an essay of up to five hundred words. 47. One recent change in college admissions is that selective colleges and universities have movedthe traditional deadline to earlier dates. 48. Applicants and their parents are said to believe that the personal essay can sway the admissions committee. 49. Applicants are usually better off if they can write an essay that distinguishes them from the rest. 50. Not only is the competition getting more intense, the application process today is also totally different from what baby boomers knew. 51. In writing about their own experiences many applicants slip into clichés, thus failing to engage the reader. 52. According to a recent survey, most public colleges and universities consider an applicant’s grades highly important. 53. Although the application essay causes lots of anxiety, it does not play so important a role in the college’sdecision-making process. 54. The question you aresupposed to write about may seem outside the self, but the theme of the essay should center around its impact on you. 55. In the old days, applicants only had to submit a sample of their school papers to show their writing ability.Section C Directions:There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage. Among the government’s most interesting reports is one that estimates what parents spend on their children. Not surprisingly, the costs are steep. For a middle-class, husband-and-wife family (average pretax income in 2009: $76,250), spending per child is about $12,000 a year. With inflation the family’s spending on a child will total $286,050 by age 17. The dry statistics ought to inform the ongoing deficit debate, because a budget is not just a catalog of programs and taxes. It reflects a society’s priorities and values. Our society does not— despite rhetoric(说辞) to the contrary—put much value on raising children. Present budget policies tax parents heavily to support the elderly. Meanwhile, tax breaks for children are modest. If deficit reduction aggravates these biases, more Americans may choose not to have children or to have fewer children. Down that path lies economic decline. Societies that cannot replace their populations discourage investment and innovation. They have stagnant (萧条的) or shrinking markets for goods and services. With older populations, theyresist change. To stabilize its population—discounting immigration—women must have an average of two children. That’s a fertility rate of 2.0.Many cou02“天价片酬”背后隐匿的深层资本运作内幕“天价片酬”背后隐匿的深层资本运作内幕值得高度警惕:与金融业和资本市场“去杠杆”大方向不同,部分知名影视上市公司近十年来纷纷放大杠杆、以小博大,通过“明星证券化→标的公司‘空壳’化→保底发行、票房造假哄抬股价→自买自卖、减持质押疯狂套现”的资本运作潜规则套路,掏空中小投资者,使遏制“天价片酬”举措大打折扣,引发资本市场巨大争议,甚至涉嫌操纵股价、扰乱金融秩序。通过资本运作实现“天价片酬”的具体步骤详解如下:

  事实表明,越南一些地方防控措施落实不到位,一些集中隔离点管理不严格、不细致,存在较大隐患和漏洞,有关感染风险值得高度警惕。越南政府领导人要求严肃追究落实防疫措施不力的失职人员责任,安沛省和河南省已对相关人员进行免职处理。▲2019年1月10日,在墨西哥边境城市蒂华纳,一名男子在美墨边境墙边停留。(新华社记者辛悦卫摄)2019年2月,美国时任总统唐纳德·特朗普宣布南部边境情况构成“国家紧急状态”,随后动用总统权力,绕过国会正常拨款程序,动用防务经费建造边境墙,引发一系列政治风波和法律争端。在外交政策方面,他正在迅速采取行动。拜登让美国重返特朗普放弃的巴黎气候协定。上周他召开有41个国家领导人参加的峰会。盟友们正得到“美国回来了”的保证。

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  ▲篮球下注平台:苏伊士运河管理局:“长赐”号再度封锁了苏伊士运河

  其实,两个人最开始恋爱的时候,沈梦辰有一次拒绝了他的约会,却出现了在杨迪的饭局上。希望大家牢记这些逃生指南但永远没有机会用到它们责任编辑:杨杰我要反馈相关新闻投资热点尽在新浪财经APP加载中点击加载更多

  谭德塞:全球疫情形势仍在恶化 印度疫情“令人心碎”-中新网视频发布时间:2021年04月27日 19:14 来源:中国新闻网版权声明:中新视频版权属中新社所有,未经书面许可的使用行为,本社将依法追究其法律责任。彭新林认为,对于90后干部要坚持严管和厚爱相结合,对于优秀人才要大胆使用,尤其要注重在艰难险重的一线锻炼,同时对其加强管理,对他们行使权力加强监督和制约。书籍是《逝物录》的主题。翁贝托·艾科在1991年的米兰讲座中将书写、莎草纸、biblos设想成“植物记忆”,“在书籍要传播给我们的指定记忆之上,又附加上了它自身所渗透的出‘物理记忆’,书籍自身故事的芬芳。”就像《沙之书》所揭示的那样,书籍是人类目前所能设想的最好的一种乌托邦空间,书籍不断地被人类的想象和感官所激活而变得生机勃勃,足以令时间失效。尤迪特·沙朗斯基更关注的是书籍的设计,用她的话说,她既关注内容也关注形式,她的《岛屿书》和《逝物录》都呈现了很好的工艺、质感。《岛屿书》简直是一件拥有多元的纸立体的雕塑品,《逝物录》则更多照顾它的内文和纸平面,比如它每个章节/逝物都在一个印张的空间里。而在黑色和黑点之上,在有着泥土和历史的书籍空间里,你又将发现什么的逝去和记忆呢?

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  ▲篮球下注平台:最新版央企名录发布,从98家缩减到97家

 

  点击进入专题:全球多国爆发新冠肺炎疫情责任编辑:朱学森 SN240关键字 :白俄罗斯总统新冠疫苗俄罗斯卫星卢卡申科新冠肺炎我要反馈相关新闻投资热点尽在新浪财经APP加载中点击加载更多印度订2.5万制氧机 华企加班处理综合彭博社、中新社报道:印度深陷泥沼或令全球公共衞生危机延长,国际社会各界纷纷伸出援手,中国驻印度大使孙卫东28日晚间在推特表示,中国的医疗器械供应商正在加班加点处理来自印度的订单,最近几天收到了至少2.5万台制氧机订单。100多年过去,马克思主义和“时代环境”相结合——一条由中国共产党人开辟的中国特色社会主义道路,铺展在世界东方,令世界为之瞩目:中国稳居“世界第二大经济体”位置已有多年,经济实力、国际竞争力都迈上了大台阶。

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  ▲篮球下注平台:“五一”假期涌现“补偿式结婚潮”:我的婚礼我做主

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  ▲篮球下注平台:台媒:欧盟在一个中国政策下支持台湾参加世卫大会

  “六盘水市检察院认为,孟瑞红帮助李玉前毁尸灭迹,情节严重,其行为触犯了《刑法》第307条第2款之规定,犯罪事实清楚,证据确实充分,应以帮助毁灭证据罪追究其刑责。因此,根据相关法律规定,决定变更起诉,同时,原起诉书未被变更部分仍具有法律效力。在发达国家中,澳大利亚的疫苗接种率偏低。随着澳政府调整接种政策,如提出所有50岁以上的公民都可提前接种疫苗后,该国疫苗接种情况有了明显改观。据澳大利亚“第九新闻”等媒体报道,5月3日当日,维多利亚州首府墨尔本会展中心有超过2000人接种了疫苗。该州有22个接种点,近日电话预约的人数明显增多。中新网4月24日电 据中国地震台网正式测定:04月24日08时23分在斐济群岛地区(南纬18.90度,西经175.95度)发生6.2级地震,震源深度300千米。

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  ▲篮球下注平台:杀人犯纸面服刑15年还摇身变"村官" 84人被处理


初审编辑:伤心网名 二审编辑:尋歡作樂